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react-a11y


React A11y

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Identifies accessibility issues in your React.js elements

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⛔️DEPRECATION NOTICE ⛔️

This library is being deprecated in favor of react-axe.

Deque Systems are one of the top authorities on web accessibility. Their auditing tools based on their axe-core
engine are unrivaled and have become the gold standard for auditing web accessibility issues. Now that they have
developed a runtime React DOM auditing tool, that does what react-a11y attempts to do but better, it seems
counterproductive to continue to maintain react-a11y. Let's pool our resources and energies into the best product and
I believe any accessibility tool backed by the experts at Deque Systems is bound to be one we can trust and depend on.
Please go check out and install react-axe today!

Installation

Run:

npm install react-a11y

Usage

In your main application file, require the module and call it, you'll start
getting warnings in the console as your app renders. Note that by default all
rules are turned off so you need to turn them on first (by setting them to
"warn" or "error").

import React    from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

if (process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development') {
  const a11y = require('react-a11y').default;
  a11y(React, ReactDOM, {
    rules: {
      'img-uses-alt': 'warn',
      'img-redundant-alt': [ 'warn', [ 'image', 'photo', 'foto', 'bild' ]]
    // ...
    }
  });
}

You probably don't want to call it if you're in production, since it patches the
React rendering functions and this might make this slower.

Migrating to v1.1.0

A number of the rule names have changed and the previous rule names have been deprecated. These deprecated rules will
be removed in v2.0.0. The following is the mapping of old to new rules:

Old Rule New Rule
avoid-positive-tabindex tabindex-no-positive
button-role-space click-events-have-key-events
label-uses-for label-has-for
mouse-events-map-to-key-events mouse-events-have-key-events
no-unsupported-elements-use-aria aria-unsupported-elements
onclick-uses-tabindex interactive-supports-focus
redundant-alt img-redundant-alt
use-onblur-not-onchange no-onchange
valid-aria-role aria-role

Options

These are the supported configuration options, annotated using flow type
annotations

a11y(React : React, ReactDOM : ReactDOM, opts : object? );

React is the React object you want to shim to allow the
accessibility tests.

ReactDOM is the ReactDOM object you're using to render the
React components. This is only used on the client side, so you
can safely omit it when using react-a11y in node.

options:

  • plugins : [string]
    An array of strings corresponding to names of plugins to be used.
    Eg. if the array contains 'aria-wai' it would include the rules
    in a (yet to be written) react-a11y-plugin-aria-wai module. You
    are responsible for installing this module.

  • rules : object
    The configuration options for each of the rules. This uses the same format
    as eslint does:

    const rules = {
      'img-uses-alt': 'off',
      'redundant-alt': [
        'warn',
        // other options to pass to the rule:
        [
          'foto'
        ]
      ]
    };

    Refer to the rule docs
    to see what options are defined for each rule.

  • reporter : object => undefined
    Use this to modify how the warnings are displayed.
    The reporter is a function that accepts an object with
    the following keys:

    • msg : string - the error message
    • tagName : string - the tagName of the violating element (eg. 'img')
    • severity : string - the severity as configured by the user in the
      corresponding rule configuration (one of 'off', 'warn', or 'error')
    • props : object - the props as passed to the element
    • displayName : string? - the displayName of the owner, if any
    • DOMNode : object? - the violating DOMNode as rendered to the browser
      DOM, this is only available on when react-a11y is running in the
      browser.
    • url : string? - The url to a webpage explaining why this rule
      is important

    The default reporter displays all the information it can, but listens
    to the deprecated options includeSrcNode, warningPrefix and
    throwErro and throwError.

  • filterFn : (string, string, string) => boolean
    You can filter failures by passing a function to the filterFn option. The
    filter function will receive three arguments: the name of the Component
    instance or ReactElement, the id of the violating element, and the failure
    message.

    Note: If it is a ReactElement, the name will be the node type (eg. div)

    // only show errors on CommentList
    const commentListFailures = function (name, id, msg) {
      return name === "CommentList";
    };
    
    a11y(React, ReactDOM, { filterFn: commentListFailures });

Cleaning Up In Tests

Use the restoreAll() method to clean up mutations made to React.
Useful if you are using react-a11y in your test suite:

beforeEach(() => a11y(React));
afterEach(() => a11y.restoreAll());

Writing plugins

The rules in this version of react-a11y are pluggable!
You can write your own plugin to add more rules. Have a look at
writing plugins in the
docs to get started!

Contributing

Interested in contributing? Great! Look here for more info: CONTRIBUTING.md.

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