Convert emoticons to icons
Emoticons, such as :) or :( , are often misinterpreted by screen reading software. By converting these items to graphics with an alternative text (such as “smile” or “frown”), a screen reader can process them and present them to the user in a way that makes sense.
Discussion by Disabilities (Benefits & Preferred Behaviors)
This makes it easier for screen reader users to understand emoticons in messages they receive.
These products are not necessarily endorsed by RtF, but represent the range of available options.
Many screen readers offer this feature.