Liblouis is an open-source braille translator and back-translator
named in honor of Louis Braille. It features support for computer and
literary braille, supports contracted and uncontracted translation for
many languages and has support for hyphenation. New languages can
easily be added through tables that support a rule- or dictionary
based approach. Tools for testing and debugging tables are also
included. Liblouis also supports math braille (Nemeth and Marburg).
Liblouis has features to support screen-reading programs. This has led
to its use in two open-source screenreaders, NVDA and Orca. It is also
used in some commercial assistive technology applications for example
Liblouis is based on the translation routines in the BRLTTY
screenreader for Linux. It has, however, gone far beyond these
routines. In Linux and Mac OSX it is a shared library, and in Windows
it is a DLL.
Liblouis is free software licensed under the GNU LGPLv2.1+ (see the
The command line tools, are licensed under the GNU GPLv3+ (see the
For documentation, see the liblouis documentation (either as info
file, html, txt or pdf) in the doc directory. For examples of
translation tables, see
chardefs.cti, and whatever other files they may include in the
tables directory. This directory contains tables for many languages.
The Nemeth files will only work with the sister library liblouisutdml.
After unpacking the distribution tarball from releases go to the
directory it creates. You now have the choice to compile liblouis for
either 16- or 32-bit unicode. By default it is compiled for the
former. To get 32-bit Unicode run configure with
make and then
sudo make install.
As a final step you might have to run
sudo ldconfig. For other ways
of installation, see the file HACKING.
This will produce the liblouis library and the programs
(for testing the library),
checking translation tables),
lou_debug (for debugging translation
lou_translate (for extensive testing of forward and
backwards translation) and
lou_trace (for tracing if individual
translations). For more details see the liblouis documentation.
If you wish to have man pages for the programs you might want to
help2man before running configure.
If you want to run the test suite with
make check you should install
libyaml as that will enable extensive tests on the tables. If you
want to skip those tests you can do so by running
You can contribute to Liblouis in several different ways:
- If you have comments, questions, or want to use your knowledge to
help others, come join the conversation on either the mailing list
or on IRC. You can reach us at firstname.lastname@example.org or
in channel #liblouis on irc:irc.oftc.net.
- To report a problem or request a feature, please file an issue.
- Of course, we welcome pull requests and patches.
Finally, if you want to see what we have for the future and learn more
about our release cycles, all this information is detailed on the wiki
For notes on the newest and older releases see the file NEWS.
Liblouis was begun in 2002 largely as a business decision by ViewPlus.
They believed that they could never have good braille except as part
of an open source effort and knew that John Boyer was dying to start
just such a project. So ViewPlus did start it on the agreement that
they would give a small monthly stipend to John Boyer that allowed him
to pay for sighted assistants. While ViewPlus has not contributed much
to the coding, it certainly has contributed and continues to
contribute to liblouis through that support of John Boyer.