Web Resources

Key places for Resources on Web accessibility

  1. A guide to understanding and implementing Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0:
  2. WebAIM, Articles & Resources:,
  3. The Paciello Group Resources:
  4. WebAxe blog and podcast on web accessibility:


Additional information for non-text content

  1. NBA Tape Recording Manual, National Library Service for the Blind & Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Excerpts from the 3rd edition available online:
  2. National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM), Accessible Digital Media Guidelines:

Access to time-based and synchronized media

  1. Captioning Key – Guidelines and Preferred Techniques:
  2. Best Practices in Online Captioning:
  3. uiAccess list of Transcription Services. Url:
  4. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL 3.0):
  5. WebAIM, Captions, Transcripts, and Audio Descriptions:
  6. WebAIM, Real-time Captioning:
  7. Joe Clark, Standard techniques in audio description:
  8. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), American Sign Language:
  9. University of Hamburg, Techniques for filming sign language interpreters:
  10. Action on Hearing Loss (formal Royal National Institute for Deaf People - RNID), Communication Factsheets:

Adaptable, Distinguishable and Understandable Content

  1. WebAIM, Semantic Structure:
  2. Accessibility and Usability at Penn State, Heading Tags:
  3. Vischeck software for colorblind vision simulation and Daltonize software for correcting images for colorblind viewers:
  4. Microsoft, Can color-blind users see your site?:
  5. Causes and Incidence of Colorblindness:
  6. M. Okabe, K. Ito. Color Universal Design (CUD) – How to make figures and presentations that are friendly to Colorblind people:
  7. T. Jewett. The Color Tutor demonstration:
  8. The Paciello Group, Colour Contrast Analyser:
  9. Colour Contrast Analyser Firefox Extension:
  10. Colors on the Web, Color Contrast Analyser:
  11. Colour Contrast Check:,bg=333333
  12. Color Contrast Ratio Calculator:
  13. C. Lilley. Atypical Color Response:
  14. W3C Cascading Style Sheets (CSS 2.2):
  15. Accessible CSS:
  16. 6 Surprising Bad Practices that hurt Dyslexic users:
  17. Accessites, Designing for Dyslexics:
  18. L. Penney. Typefaces for Dyslexia:
  19. Davis Dyslexia Association International, About Dyslexia:
  20. R. Weakley. Ideal line length for content:
  21. Developing sites for users with Cognitive disabilities and learning difficulties:
  22. P.M. Jones. Line Length, Volume and Density:
  23. The National Archives, Office for Disability Issues. A guide to accessible publishing:


Avoiding Seizures

  1. Cambridge Research Systems, The Harding FPA suite to test Flashing and Spatial Patterns in Broadcast Video:
  2. University of Maryland, Photosensitive Epilepsy Analysis Tool:
  3. Epilepsy Action, Advice and information:
  4. Epilepsy Foundation, Photosensitivity and Seizures:

Navigable Web

  1. Writing better web page titles:
  2. M.F. Theofanos, J. Redish. Guidelines for Accessible and Usable Web Sites: observing users who work with screen readers:
  3. J. Nielsen. Using the Title Attribute to help users predict where they are going:
  4. WebAIM, Links and Hypertext:
  5. J. Nielsen. How users read on the Web:
  6. J. Nielsen, J. Morkes. Applying writing guidelines to Web pages:
  7. The sound of the accessible title text separator:

Readable Content

  1. W3C Internationalization, Language tags in HTML:
  2. W3C, Authoring HTML: Language declarations:
  3. World Star Translators, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias:
  4. FreeDict, Free bilingual dictionaries:
  5. Acronym Finder:
  6. Abbreviations:
  7. Plain Language Association International, Plain Language:
  8. The US Government’s plain language guideline:
  9. Plain English Campaign:
  10. Readability Test:
  11. Dublin Core Qualifiers:
  12. IMS Global, Accessibility learner information data structure description:
  13. TextQuest, Readability analysis:
  14. Leesbaar Nederlands (Readable Dutch):
  15. Flesch-Kincaid readability tests:
  16. European standards for making information easy to read and understand:
  17. W3C Quality Assurance, Use standard redirects: don’t break the back button:
  18. W3C HTTP Protocol – Redirection:

Maximize Compatibility

  1. W3C, Dynamic Accessible Web Content Roadmap:
  2. W3C, Role Taxonomy for Accessible Adaptable Applications:
  3. W3C, States and Adaptable Properties Module:
  4. Microsoft Active Accessibility:
  5. Adobe Flash accessibility design guidelines:

Mobile Accessibility

  1. 7 Easy Steps to Making your App Accessible


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